Children and Adolescents with Depression

by Andrew

Society generally not be considered so the idea of ​​children may be affected by depression. In fact, most small children may exhibit similar moods and sadness as unhappy adults. However, depressed mood in children can manifest itself with more operational-reactive movement and aggressive behavior. Prolonged must be taken seriously by parents and should be studied to understand the changes in this direction.

The primary symptoms of depression; are sadness, feelings of dejection, and hopelessness are the other symptoms:

  • Verbal aggression/explosions or intense crying
  • Feelings of helplessness
  • Social withdrawal
  • Increased or decreased appetite
  • Frustration and impatience with growing criticism
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Concentration difficulties
  • Fatigue and energy loss
  • Physical complaints that do not respond to usual treatment (headaches and abdominal pain)
  • In daily activities and social events, stay behind the usual functioning of the school and home environments
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt
  • Inability to focus thoughts
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

Not all of these symptoms in each child. In fact, many symptoms may occur at different times in different environments. Depression is the biggest risk, however, especially after the age of 12 and attempted suicide with alcohol and drug addiction. Girls were found on more suicide attempts are more common than males complete suicide. Family violence, alcohol, and substance abuse, and physical and sexual abuse history, are riskier in this regard.

0.9% rate of depression in preschool, school-age children depression in 1.9%, while rates of depression in adolescence is observed in the range of 5-6%.

Depression, while more males under 10 years of age become synchronized teenage girls, this ratio is 2-3 times the average risk of around 16 years of age. According to the World Health Organization; bipolar disorder in adulthood 20-40% of adolescents diagnosed with depression are diagnosed.

Depression also occurs in children as in adults is caused by many factors that come together, they are: organic factors, life events, family history, environmental factors, genetic predispositions, and biochemical factors can be listed as.

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity BZK, Specific Learning Disabilities, Social Dysfunction, and chaotic home/school environment are risk factors for depression.

When depression is not a passing sadness and comes up with appropriate treatment itself, the effect is difficult to pass left.

Risk children in the family of one parent with a history of depression by 20-30%; When two parents may be the risk of the rate of 40-50%.

If depressive symptoms last at least two weeks without interruption or significant physical discomfort might explain this situation there is a need for a physician evaluation. In interviews with parents and children, the diagnosis and treatment process must be planned based on information from the school environment. The age at diagnosis of depression in childhood is increasingly going back. Especially those with a diagnosis of depression in first-degree relatives were found to be more risky early and recurrent depressive episodes.

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